Textile Interview Or Viva Questions for Entry Level Job:
Textile Engineering Job Interview Questions and Answers:
1. What do you mean by After treatment?
Any treatment is done after fabric production is termed as after treatment. In the case of dyeing, it refers to treat dyed material in ways to improve characteristics; in non-woven, it refers to finishing processes carried out after a web has been formed and bonded. Examples are embossing, creeping, softening, printing, and dyeing.
2. What do you mean by Air Brushing?
Blowing color on the fabric or paper with a mechanized pneumatic brush is known as airbrushing.
3. What do you mean by Air Conditioning?
It is a chemical process for sealing short, fuzzy fibers into a yarn. Fabrics made from air-conditioned yarns are porous. These fabrics are also cooler because they allow more air circulation.
4. What do you mean by Air Jet Spinning?
It is a spinning system where the yarn is made by wrapping fibers around a core stream of fibers with compressed air. In the case of this method, the fibers are drafted to perfect sliver size, and then fed to the air jet chambers where they are twisted, at first in one direction, then in the reverse direction in a second chamber.
5. What do you mean by Aniline Dyes?
Aniline dyes are those dyes derived chemically from aniline or other coal tar derivatives.
6. What do you mean by Animal Fibers?
Fibers of animal origin such as wool, alpaca, camel hair, and silk are termed as animal fibers.
7. What do you mean by Antifoaming Agents?
It is an additive that reduces the formation of bubbles within or on the surface of a liquid by reducing the forces that support the bubble’s structure.
8. What do you mean by Bar Tack?
Bar Tack is re-stitching over a very short length to give and increase the area a high load-bearing strength. For example, a belt loop and the corners of the pocket are bars tacked.
9. What do you mean by Back Stitch?
A kind of hand stitch for sewing apparel which could also be done by machine.
10. What do you mean by Beaming?
In the textile sector, the primary operation of warp knitting in which ends withdrawn from a warping creel, evenly spaced in sheet from being wound into a beam of substation length is termed as beaming.
11. What do you mean by Beating Up?
It is the third of the three primary emotions involved in weaving. It consists of forcing the pick of weft yarn left in the warp shed up to feel to the cloth.
12. What do you mean by Bobbin?
It is a cylindrical or slightly tapered, barrel with or without flanges on which yarn is wound.
13. What do you mean by Backing Warp (Or weft)?
Additional warp or weft on the back of the fabric, bound or stitched to the ground structure that it does not interface with the appearance of the face, giving greater weight, thickness, warmth, etc.
14. What do you mean by Basic Dyes?
It is a class of positive icon carrying dyes known for their brilliant hues. This type of dyes is composed of large molecule, water-soluble salts that have a direct affinity for wool and silk and can be applied to cotton with a mordant.
15. What do you mean by Basket Stitch?
In the case of this knit construction, purl and plain loops are combined with a preponderance of purl loops in the pattern courses to give a basket weave effect.
16. What do you mean by Batch?
A batch is normally a group of unit products of the same structure, type, color and finish, composition, and class manufactured essentially at the same time and submitted at any one time for inspection and testing.
17. What do you mean by Blended Yarn?
It is a thread in which the different component fibers are thoroughly mixed.
18. What do you mean by BOD?
BOD means Biochemical Oxygen Demand. It is a method of measuring the rate of oxygen due to biological oxidation i.e. required oxygen to oxidize the organic matter sewage by bacteria.
19. What do you mean by Bonded Fabric?
Bonded fabric a layered fabric structure wherein a face or shell fabric is joined to a backing fabric with an adhesive that does not significantly add to the thickness of the combined fabrics.
20. What do you mean by C.B Line?
It is a straight line bottom-up vertically along the midpoint of the body back part of the shirt.
21. What do you mean by Cheese?
It is a cylindrical shape package of thread in which threads are cross-wound and that package has no flanges.
22. What do you mean by Crocking?
It is the act of taking out color from the dry or wet cloth by rubbing or scouring.
23. What do you mean by Combed Yarn?
A yarn prepare from sliver which is first carded and later combed to produce a more regular and smoother final product.
24. What do you mean by Carded Yarn?
Carded Yarn is that type of yarn produced from fibers that have been carded but not combed.
25. What do you mean by Creeling?
The mounting of supply packages in a creel to feed fiber to a process, beaming or warping.