Types of Fabrics with Pictures and Names
Types of Fabrics or Clothe Materials Names with Pictures:
Thousands of fabrics are available in the market to satisfy the apparel manufacturers. Our textile manufacturing industry is trying to satisfy those apparel manufacturers by producing different types of fabrics in weaving factories or knitting factories. Here is a list of some popular fabrics which are presented here with their images and uses.
Different Types of Cloth Materials with Pictures and Uses:
The list of fabric consists of the below fabric names:
- Buckram fabric,
- Crepe fabric,
- Corduroy fabric,
- Damask fabric,
- Duck fabric,
- Georgette fabric,
- Gingham fabric,
- Herringbone fabric,
- Madras fabric,
- Matelassé fabric,
- Muslin fabric,
- Seersucker fabric,
- Serge fabric,
- Sharkskin fabric,
- Taffeta fabric,
- Terry Cloth,
- Tweed fabric,
- Velour fabric,
- Velvet fabric,
- Waffle Cloth,
- Whipcord fabric.
All the above fabrics are described in the following with their pictures and uses:
1. Buckram Fabric:
Buckram is a stiff fabric. It is made of linen or cotton. Buckram is loosely woven in nature. It is used in collars and cuff as a stiff interlining.
2. Crepe Fabric:
Crepe is a fabric that is characterized by a crinkled surface. The effect may be produced in different ways such as – chemical or heat treatments; use of S and Z high twist yarns, etc. crepe fabric is used in blouses and dresses.
3. Corduroy Fabric:
Corduroy fabric is a cut pile cord fabric. Normally it is made of cotton. The cut fibers form the surface of the fabric. Corduroy is a medium weight fabric that is used in bottom wear.
4. Damask Fabric:
Damask is a type of woven fabric that uses mercerized cotton for its construction. Its design is produced by interchanging satin and sateen weaves. Damask fabric issued in table cloths and bed clothing.
5. Duck Fabric:
Duck fabric is a closely woven plain weave fabric. This type of fabric is similar to canvas fabric. To produce duck fabric, cotton, or linen yarns are used.
6. Georgette Fabric:
Georgette fabric is a fine, lightweight, woven fabric. Georgette fabric usually has two Z-twisted and S-twisted yarns successively in both warp and weft.
7. Gingham Fabric:
Gingham fabric is a plain weave, lightweight fabric that is usually produced by using cotton, which is yarn-dyed in nature. Dyed yarns are used to form stripes or checks. Gingham fabric is used in the manufacturing of shirts and outerwear.
8. Herringbone Fabric:
Herringbone is actually a type of twill weave and the fabric made by this is called herringbone fabric. In this type of fabric, a twill weave is used to form diagonal lines in the fabric. Herringbone fabric is used in formal wear and coats.
9. Madras Fabric:
Madras fabric is a fine, light-weight, plain-weave, yarn-dyed fabric. It is characterized by large checks. Madras fabric is used in the manufacturing of dresses, shirts, and blouses.
10. Matelassé Fabric:
Matelassé fabric is a double fabric. This kind of fabric has a quilted appearance that is done by using wadding threads and a tightly bound weave. Matelassé fabric is used for manufacturing coats, women’s-wear, and furnishings.
11. Muslin Fabric:
Muslin is a lightweight, plain weave fabric. It is normally produced by using cotton.
12. Seersucker Fabric:
Seersucker cotton fabric is characterized by a crinkled appearance. Seersucker cotton fabric is used in shirts, blouses, and dresses.
13. Serge Fabric:
Serge is a fabric with a two-up and two-down 45-degree diagonal twill weave. Serge fabric is medium weight fabric and normally made by using wool. It has a shiny appearance and can also be made with cotton. This type of fabric is sued in manufacturing costumes, suits as linings.
14. Sharkskin Fabric:
It is a right-hand twill weave fabric often produced with wool, generally with two colors (one in wet and one in warp) to give a scaly appearance. Sharkskin fabric is used in suits manufacturing.
15. Taffeta Fabric:
It is a closely woven plain weave fabric that is made from filament yarns. Taffeta fabric has a higher density of warp yarns than weft thus giving the fabric a weft-way rib appearance. The fabric is used in evening wear and linings.
16. Terry Cloth:
Terry cloth is a woven warp pile fabric having uncut loops on both sides of the fabric, manufactured on a dobby loom. It is used in robes and towels.
17. Tweed Fabric:
Tweed fabric is a woolen woven fabric produced from coarse, irregular yarns, with contrasting weft and warp yarns. This type of fabric is used in the manufacturing of outerwear, formal wear, coats, and jackets.
18. Velour Fabric:
Velour is a soft closely woven fabric with a short cut-pile formed by raising or brushing. Velour fabric is used in jackets and coat manufacturing.
19. Velvet Fabric:
Velvet is a cut-pile fabric, which gives a soft fuzzy appearance.it is used in furnishings.
20. Waffle Cloth:
Waffle fabric is normally made up of cotton. It is a honeycomb weave that is made on a dobby loom. Waffle fabric is used in a kitchen cloth.
21. Whipcord Fabric:
Whipcord fabric is a compact medium weight warp-face twill fabric that is produced usually from wool. It may be made from rayon or cotton also. It is used in manufacturing coast and suits.