Classification of Technical Textile | Scope and Applications of Technical Textiles

What is Technical Textile?

The definition of technical textiles adopted by the authoritative Textile Terms and Definitions, published by the Textile Institute, is “Textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics”.

Uses of technical textile
Fig: Uses of technical textiles

Scope of Technical Textiles:

Technical textile is developing or improving in so many different directions with varying speeds and levels of success. There is the continual erosion of the barriers between traditional definitions of textiles and other ‘flexible engineering’ materials such as paper and plastics, films and membranes, metals, glass, and ceramics. What most participants have in common are many of the basic textile skills of manipulating fibers, fabrics, and finishing techniques as well as an understanding of how all these interact and perform in different combinations and environments. Beyond that, much of the technology and expertise associated with the industry resides in an understanding of the needs and dynamics of many very different end-use and market sectors. It is here that the new dividing lines within the industry are emerging.

Types of Technical Textile Products or Application of Technical Textiles:

It’s for a long period of time, the term “industrial textiles” was vastly used to encompass all the textile products other than those intended for household, apparel, and furnishing end-uses. It is a description still more widely favored in the USA than in Europe and elsewhere. There are mainly twelve applications of technical textiles, those are pointed out below:

  1. Agrotech: It includes agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture, and forestry.
  2. Cloth tech: It includes technical components of footwear and clothing.
  3. Build tech: It includes building and construction.
  4. Home tech: It includes technical components of furniture, household textiles, and floorcoverings.
  5. Med-tech: It includes hygiene and medical.
  6. Mobil tech: It includes automobiles, shipping, railways, and aerospace.
  7. Indu tech: It includes filtration, conveying, cleaning, and other industrial uses.
  8. Pro-tech: It includes personal and property protection.
  9. Sport-tech: It includes sport and leisure.
  10. Oeko tech: It includes environmental protection.
  11. Geo tech: It includes geotextiles and civil engineering.
  12. Pack tech: It includes packaging.

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