Knitting Terminology | Vastly Used Knitting Terms
What Do You Mean by Knitting?
Knitting is the method of creating fabric by transforming continuous stands of yarn into a series of interlocking loops, where each raw of loops hanging from the one immediately preceding it. It should be noted here, interloping composed of forming yarns into loops.
|Important terms of knitting|
Different Terms of Knitting:
There are so many terms of knitting which are vastly used in textile knitting sector or industry, those are in the below:
- Stitch density,
- Fabric draw off,
- Actual width,
- Working width,
- Working diameter,
- Number of cam system,
- Technically upright.
All the above terms have explained in the following:
1. Stitch density:
The term stitch density is frequently used in knitting in lieu of a linear measurement of course or wales. Normally stitch density is the total number of needle loops in a square area measurement such as a square inch or three square centimeters.
Stitch density provides a more accurate measurement than does a linear measurement of only course or only wales.
2. Fabric draws off:
Fabric is always drawn from the needles on the side remote from their hooks. When two sets of needles are employed either arranged vertically back to back or at some other angle to each other. Here, each sets of hooks will face away from the other set and the fabric will be produced and drawn away in the gap between the two sets.
GSM means gram per square meter. It is a number which indicates the thickness of knit fabric. GSM is directly proportional to the fabric thickness. GSM depends on yarn count, density of needle, wales per unit length and course per unit length.
4. Actual width:
The distance between the first and last needles in flat needle bed during knitting action is known as actual width.
5. Working width:
The distance among the first and last needles in a flat needle bed id termed as working width.
6. Working diameter:
The diameter of knitting machine is measured at the bottom of two opposite needles grooves in a cylinder or at the top of two opposite needles in a circular bar is termed as working diameter.
7. Number of cam system:
On the circumference of circular knitting machine up to 120 knitting cam sets can be mounted. Each cam set fed with a separate yarn. The result is obtaining 120 knitted loop courses in one machine revolution.
8. Technically upright:
A knit fabric is technically upright, when its course run horizontally and its wales run vertically with the heads of the needle loops facing towards the loop of the fabric and the course knitted first situated at the bottom of the fabric.