Different Types of Knitted Fabrics with Images
What is Knit Fabric in Textile Sector?
Knitted fabrics are used for the manufacture of knit garments such as polo shirts, T-shirts, sweaters, sportswear, swimwear, children’s wear, undergarments, etc. items. Characteristics of knit garments are influenced by the construction, specification, and properties of the knit garments.
Various Types of Knit or Knitted Fabrics Produced in Textile Industry:
Knit fabrics are basically three types. Those are warp knitted fabrics, weft-knitted fabrics, and crochet fabrics. The most common weft knitted fabric structures are briefly discussed in the following with their pictures:
The most simple knit fabric structure is termed plain or single jersey fabric. In this type of fabric structure, all the loops intermesh in the same direction and the fabrics have a different appearance on each side. The side to which the loops appear pulled through is termed as the “Face” or “Technical face”. The side from which the loops appear pushed away is termed as “Back” or “Technical back”.
2. Rib Fabric:
Rib fabrics are used where portions of grommets are expected to cling to the shape of the human body but capable of stretching when required. The main areas of using rib fabrics are the waistband, cuff, and collar. Extensibility of rib fabric may be up to 120% in the course direction.
Purl fabrics is also a weft-knitted fabric. The simplest type of purl fabric consists of courses of face loops alternating with courses of back loops. This is termed as 1*1 purl fabrics. This type of fabric has large vertical extensibility which is largely elastic, depending on the fabric used and the yarn construction. The fabric is bulky and shows excellent thermal insulation properties.
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