Textile Printing Techniques | Styles of Printing in Textiles

Textile Printing Techniques and Styles of Printing in Textiles

What is Printing in Textile?

It is the method of applying colors and patterned design on a definite localized place on the fabric by using dyestuff, chemicals and thickeners. Printing is an important process of apparel manufacturing industry.
Printing techniques in textile
Printing techniques in textile

Dyes which are used dyeing are usually in a water bath solution but in case of printing these dyes must be thickened with the gums or starches to prevent the wicking or flowing out of the print design. This thickened solution is known as printing paste.

The print designs are applied on the fabric with the help of a block, fabric or metal screen and in some cases directly by hand.

Types of Textile Printing:

In textile industry, methods of printing vary on the demands of customer or buyer. There are different types of fabric printing techniques which are pointed out in the following:

  1. Block printing,
  2. Roller Printing,
  3. Screen printing,
  4. Roller Printing,
  5. Carpet Printing,
  6. Resist Printing,
  7. Photographic Printing,
  8. Pigment printing,
  9. Blotch Printing,
  10. Heat transfer printing,
  11. Duplex Printing,
  12. Electrostatic printing,
  13. Rotary screen printing,
  14. Flat screen printing,
  15. Ink jet printing,
  16. Stencil printing,
  17. Warp Printing,
  18. Burn out printing,
  19. Direct Printing,
  20. Discharge printing,
  21. Digital printing,
  22. Engraved roller printing,
  23. Flock printing,
  24. Jet spray printing,
  25. Spray printing,
  26. Tie dyeing and batik printing.
Styles of Printing:

There are mainly three styles of printing which are mentioned in the below:

  1. Direct style of printing,
  2. Discharge style of printing i.e. white discharge and color discharge,
  3. Resist style of printing i.e. color resist and white resist.
Textile Printing Process Flow Chart:

The below process flow chart has to maintain to print the fabric in textile industry.

Design development,
Screen preparation,
Printing paste preparation,
Fabric preparation,
Curing or steaming,
Washing (if needed)

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