Key Differences Between Dye and Pigment in Textile Industry
It is a colored substance that has been affected to the substrate for which it is being applied. In wet processing technology, the dye is normally applied in an aqueous solution. It should be pointed out that, the dye may require a mordant to develop the fastness properties of the dye on the fiber.
What Types of Dye Used in Textile Wet Processing?
- Acid dye,
- Basic dye,
- Direct dye,
- Mordant dye,
- Vat dye,
- Reactive dye,
- Disperse dye,
- Azoic dye,
- Sulfur dye.
Distinguish Between Dye and Pigment:
Dye has 70% water solubility.
The pigment has 100% water solubility.
Dye has fastness characteristics or properties.
The pigment has good fastness properties.
Most of all the dyes are organic compounds and the remaining are metallic compounds.
Most of the pigments are inorganic compounds.
Dye diffusion in fabric.
Pigment diffusion on the fabric.
It’s not possible to dye all types of fabric by using dye.
All types of fabric can be dyed by using this.
No binding agent is required in the case of dye.
The binding agent is required in the case of pigment.
It is costly as these are prepared chemically.
It is cheap as these are found by mineral origin.
More questions related to this topic:
- What is the meaning of dye in the textile industry?
- What is the meaning of pigment in the textile industry?
- List different types of dyes used in the textile wet processing industry.
- What is the difference between dye and color in chemistry?
- What are the similarities between dye and pigment?
- What is the difference between dye and pigment ink?