What Types of Pigment Dye Used in Textile Dyeing?

Definition of Pigment | Classification of Pigment | Organic Pigment | Inorganic Pigment | Types of Organic Pigment | Types of Inorganic Pigment | Trade Name of Pigment

What is Pigment Dye? 

Pigment is a substance in a particulate form that is substantially insoluble in a medium but which can be mechanically dispersed in this medium to modify its color and light-scattering characteristics or properties.

Pigment dye used in textile industry
Pigment dye used in textile industry

Types of Pigment Used in Textile Industry: 

Pigment is classified into two, where one is organic and another one is inorganic pigments. Both pigments have discussed in the below:
1. Organic Pigment: 
It is based on carbon rings and carbon chains. It also contain inorganic elements i.e. metallic which helps to stabilize the properties or characteristics of the organic component.
Classification of Organic Pigment: 
Organic Pigment is classified into following:

  1. Polycyclic pigment,
  2. Quinophthalone pigment,
  3. Anthraquinone pigment,
  4. Azo pigment,
  5. Triayl carbonium pigment,
  6. Dioxazine pigment.
2. Inorganic Pigment: 
It is a chemical compound which is not based on carbon. It is generally metallic salts which precipitated from solutions.

Classification of Inorganic Pigment: 
Inorganic pigment is classified into below:

  1. Black pigment,
  2. White pigment,
  3. Color pigment,
  4. Special pigment.
Advantages of Pigment: 
Key advantages of pigment have pointed out in the following:

  1. Light fastness is very high.
  2. Color strength is high.
  3. Weather fastness is very good.
  4. It provides bright shades.
Disadvantages of Pigment: 
Disadvantages of pigment are-

  1. Harsh fabric,
  2. Rubbing.
Trade Name of Pigment Dyes:
SL No.
Brand Name
Company Name
Country Name
Microfix dye
Printofix dye
Helizarine dye
W. Germany
Acramine dye
W. Germany
Impersion dye
More questions related this article:
The below questions will be very useful for you to answer if you read this article:

  1. What do you mean by pigment?
  2. What is the classification of pigment?
  3. What is organic pigment?
  4. What is inorganic pigment?
  5. What is the advantage and disadvantage of pigment?
  6. Mention some trade name of pigment dye with its origin.

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