List of Textile Auxiliaries and Chemicals with Their Functions
Textile Chemicals and Auxiliaries with Their Functions:
1. Wetting Agent:
The chemical which is used for quickly moistening or watering the textile materials is termed as the wetting agent.
Detergents are nothing but a chemical that is used for clearing the textile materials or to remove fats, oil, and wax.
The chemical which is used to mix up the oil and water is called an emulsifier.
4. Sizing Components:
The components which are used for sizing are termed as sizing components.
5. De-sizing Agents:
The chemicals which are used to remove the size materials of fabric in wet processing is termed as de-sizing. Example: Enzyme.
6. Dye Retarding or Leveling Agents:
The chemicals which are used for dyeing just to give level shade or even dyeing is called the leveling agent.
7. Dye Carrier:
The dye carrier is not a chemical that will help to transfer the dye particle towards the outer surface or curiosity of the fiber.
8. Dye Fixing Agent:
Dye fixing agent is not anything but a chemical that helps to fix up the dye particle into the inner position of the fiber with the bondage.
9. Rubbing Fastness Agents:
Rubbing fastness agent is a chemical that will help to improve rubbing resistance power, this type of agent is used. It is nothing but color permanency agents. It is in three types. Such as washing fastness, light fastness, and rubbing fastness.
10. Printing Thickener:
Thickener is a thick mass that imparts stickiness and plasticity to the printing paste, so that it may be applied on the fabric surface without bleeding or spreading and be capable of maintaining the design outlines. It is the main part of the printing. Example: Potato paste, rice, carboxy-methyl cellulose.
11. Hygroscopic Agents:
The materials which absorb water from the moisture is termed as the hygroscopic agent. It is one type of electrolytic which sucks up the water and is soluble. Example: NaCl
12. Oxidizing and Reducing Agents:
The chemicals which help to increase oxygen or electronegative part release the hydrogen are termed as oxidizing and reducing agents respectively. Example: Hydrogen, Ozone, etc.
13. De-foaming Agents:
The chemicals which help to prevent foam formation is termed as de-foaming agents. Example: De-foamer, Anti-foam, etc.
14. Softening Agents:
The chemicals which are used to soften the textile materials is called softening agents. Example: Control oil, Parafin.
15. Stiffing Agents:
The chemicals which help to increase the soft materials into the harder one are termed as stiffing agents. Example: Resin.
16. Water Repellent or Proofing Agents:
The chemicals which can fully resistant to penetrate by water are termed as water repellent or proofing agents. Example: Rubber
17. Fire Proofing Agents:
The chemical which has more resistance to burn out is called fireproofing agents.
18. Anti-mildew Agents:
The agents which are used to protect the fiber-like cellulosic fiber is termed, anti-mildew agents. Example: ZnCl2
19. Moth Proofing Agents:
Mothproofing agents are the type of agents that help to resist the moth is called. Example: Naphthalene type of chemicals.
20. Weighting Agents:
Some chemicals which provide some weight to the fabric are termed as weighting agents. Example: Chalk, CaCO3, etc.