What is SMV in Apparel Industry?
In the Apparel manufacturing industry, SMV means “standard minute value” and SAM means “standard allowed minutes”. If we explain SMV, it means the total time which needs to make a particular garment completely within a definite period of time.
What is Standard Time in Industrial Engineering?
From the view of industrial engineering, standard time is the time which is required by an average skilled sewing operator, working at a normal pace to complete a specified task by using a prescribed process or method.
Factors of Standard Minute Value Or SMV in Garments Industry:
The standard time of apparels depends upon a good number of factors. Those are listed in the following:
- Types of apparel,
- Types of fabrics,
- Size of apparel,
- Design of the apparel,
- The difficulty of the processes,
- Types of machinery and technology used,
- Use of work aids, folder, attachment, etc.
All the above factors have explained the below:
1. Types of apparel:
Types of apparel greatly influence standard time. Different categories of apparel have a specific range of standard time. Shirt, pant, brief, panty, jackets have a certain range of standard time.
2. Types of fabrics:
There is a versatile range of fabrics. Some are very fine, slippery such as silk. Others are cotton made, thick & rugged. Some fabrics promote sewing and others are sew-able with difficulty. Thus they affect standard time.
3. Size of apparel:
Big apparel reasonably takes more time than small apparel. So, the size of apparel influence standard time.
4. Design of apparel:
Designs of apparel make them easy or difficult in respect of processing. Thus they affect standard time.
5. Difficulty of the processes:
Difficulty processes take more time and effort to accomplish.
6. Types of machinery and technology used:
High-performance machinery & the right technology reduces standard time. You may cut & fold labels manually & it will take a lot of time. An automatic label cutting machine makes the work damned easy.
7. Use of work aids, folder, attachment, etc.:
Look at the bottom-rolling process of a shirt. the folder makes the job easy & fast and also ensures the right quality.
Standard Minute Value or SMV of Different Garments:
|SL No.||Types of Apparel||SMV (In Second)|
|01||Full sleeve basic shirt||1000|
|02||Basic jeans pant||750-800|
|03||Athletic knit shirt||70-80|
|07||Women’s shelf came||235-250|
|07||Men’s polo shirt||750|