What is Textile Testing?
The process to determine the properties of different kinds of textile substances is known as textile testing. Textile testing is one of the most important departments of a manufacturing factory. Buyer requirements should be followed by using these instruments before shipping the order. Otherwise, the buyer may cancel the order due to the negligence of the quality of the product. A successful TTQC department can earn respect and belief for the manufacturing factory from the buyer.
Objectives of Textile Testing:
The main purposes of testing are-
- Selection of raw materials,
- Process control,
- Product control,
- Process development,
- Product development,
- Specification test.
Classification of Textile Testing:
There are different types of testing followed in manufacturing industries which are pointed out below:
- Routine process testing,
- Quality record testing.
All the above testing has explained in the following:
1. Routine Process Testing:
The testing which results can get very quickly in the working field is known as routine process testing.
2. Quality Record Testing:
The testing which result is to be recorded for various objects to finish the work is known as quality record testing.
Textile Testing Lists Followed in the Manufacturing Sector:
There are mainly three types of testing followed in the manufacturing industry, are-
A. Fibre Test List:
- Grading test,
- Identification of fiber test,
- Strength and elongation i.e. tensile strength test,
- Maturity test,
- Fiber length test,
- Linear density or fineness test,
- Trash, neps test, etc.
B. Yarn Test List:
- Twist per unit length test,
- Yarn count or linear density test,
- Appearance test,
- Hairiness test,
- Strength and elongation i.e. tensile properties test,
- Evenness and regularity test.
C. Fabric Test List:
- Width test,
- Thickness test,
- of ends per unit length test,
- Tensile properties i.e. strength and elongation test,
- Design and construction of the cloth test,
- Crease resistance and recovery test,
- Shrinkage test,
- Abrasion test,
- Thermal properties test,
- Air permeability test,
- Fabric weight per unit length test,
- Pilling test,
- The count of yarn used,
- Stiffness test,
- Handle test,
- Drape test,
- Water absorbency or resistance test etc.