Pit Loom in Weaving: Definition, Features Advantages and Disadvantages

Definition of Pit Loom | Characteristics of Pit Loom

What is Pit Loom?
Pit loom is set by sinking four posters into the ground and with an overhang slay. In case of pit loom, the yarn work inside the pit so that the warp yarn may absorb moisture and better weaving will result. In this loom, the combination of slay and shuttle boxes. In 1773 A.D john key of bury, England invented the “fly shuttle”. This invention was an extremely important event in the history and development of weaving.
Pit Loom machine used in Weaving
Pit Loom machine used in Weaving
Features of Pit Loom in Weaving:
Important characteristics of pit loom have pointed out in the following:

  1. We can achieve texture fabric by using this type of loom.
  2. An average weaver can weave a medium width fly shuttle loom at 80-110 pics per minute.
  3. It is a fly shuttle loom.
  4. Here, shuttle is transferred from one box to another.
  5. To control moisture, looms are settled in floor that way yarn can get moisture.
  6. Production quantity of this loom is double than primitive loom or vertical loom.
Advantages of Pit Loom:
Those are-

  1. Texture fabric is produced by using this loom.
  2. Higher production in pit loom.
  3. It can accommodate a great quality of weft yarn in the pirn winding package.
  4. An average weaver can weave in case of pit loom.
  5. Easy control of moisture here.
  6. Flu shuttle and back beams have been introduced here to remove some fabric faults such as yarn breakage, knot etc.
Disadvantages of Pit Loom:
Those are-

  1. Too tough to control more number of heald shaft.
  2. This types of loom set up is difficult.
  3. Pit loom is one types of hand loom, so it’s tough to achieve higher production from here.
More questions related this topic:
  1. What is pit loom in weaving?
  2. What are the characteristics of pit loom?
  3. Mention different advantages of pit loom.
  4. Point out various disadvantages of pit loom.

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