Textile Wastage or Waste: Definition and Different Types
Wastage in Textile and Apparel Manufacturing Factory:
|Wastage in textile and apparel industry
Wastage is a redundant material which cannot be used anymore or worthless. In most of the manufacturing process, wastage is inevitable. It is the difference between the amount of input and the amount of output expressed in percentage. When an input material passes through several stages of different processes before converted into a finished output.
Some wastage of materials takes place in due to different reasons like trial run, machine breakdown, poor quality raw material, inferior workmanship, shrinkage, evaporation etc.
Wastage may be in the forms of left over raw materials, scraps, rejections, test run etc. due to these wastages, the amount of output will be less than the amount of input.
There are mainly two types of wastage in textile and apparel industry, where one is normal wastage and another one is abnormal wastage.
Normal wastage is the wastage which is inherent in the manufacturing process even when the manufacturing process is carried out in efficient and effective operating condition. This may occur due to the following reasons:
- The exact measurement of some materials is not feasible.
- There may be a difference between the unit of purchase and unit of issue.
- Due to the evaporation, shrinkage etc.
The cost of this wastage has to be added to the manufacturing cost. Thus the normal wastage becomes the part of manufacturing cost.