What is Agro Textiles?
The term “Agro Textiles” is now vastly used to classify the knitted, woven and nonwoven fabrics which are applied for horticultural and agricultural uses covering livestock protection, weed, shading and insect control, and extension of the growing season. It must have required amount of elongation, strength, stiffness, bio-degradation, and porosity, resistance to toxic environment and also resistance to sunlight properties.
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|Fig: Agro textiles products
Properties of Agro Textiles Products:
The below properties or characteristics have needed in agro textile fabrics.
- Withstand solar radiation,
- Withstands ultraviolet Radiations,
- Bio degradability,
- High potential to retain water,
- Protection property.
10 Major Application of Agro Textiles:
Agro textiles are vastly used in the below fields:
1. Wind Control Fabrics:
Agro textiles are also applied to control wind i.e. it improves fruit quality by reducing bruising and shoot tip scorching. Normally, trees which are protected from wind are healthier. It reached in full growth rapidly and also have higher yield. In these cases, wind breaks fabrics protect from wind. Windbreak fabrics start blocking wind immediately.
2. Hail Protection:
This type of fabrics help shield vines from the fruit damage and defoliation which are associated with hail yet still lets through plenty of sunlight. Agro textiles are also applied protect fruit, herb and vegetable crops which are to be healthier and give higher yields when protected from the ravages of hail. Agro textiles are made up of UV stabilized polyethylene monofilaments both knitted and woven form.
3. Sunshade Fabrics:
This type of fabrics is absorbed 90% of sunlight which is made up of polypropylene monofilament strands in both knitted and woven form. This type of fabrics is used to develop a microclimate for plantation of ornamental plants, fruits and flowers. Here, Woven sunshade fabric is made from 100% polypropylene monofilament strands and knitted sunshade fabrics is made from 100% UV stabilized polyethylene.
4. Temperature Controlled Fabrics:
This type of fabric is a spun bonded polyester fabric which is designed to save crops from cold, insects, frost and a large number of adverse environmental factors. These fabrics help to capture heat on sunny days and retain heat radiating from the ground at night. Frost and cold protection fabric protects plants from frost kill during unexpected late cold snaps and unseasonably early ones.
5. Landscape Covers for Weed Protection:
Within the last few years, a special type of synthetic materials has been introduced for using with the mulches for landscape weed control. This type of geo textiles are known as landscape fabrics or weed barriers which has one major benefits over the plastics. It also permits the exchange of air and water between the atmosphere and the soil.
6. Protection Against Insects-Insect Proof Fabrics:
Insect repellent fabrics have given a way to safeguard the vegetables and plants. This type of fabrics are stretched across the open-air plantations so that the pests can no longer get to the plants and also the climate will not be disturbed in any possible way.
7. Rain Protection Fabrics:
These types of fabrics protect the flowers and berries from damage on rainfall. These may have grid structure to serve the main purpose of saving from rain.
These are used to prevent hardscape damage by root encroachment and to isolate diseased root systems or to separate root systems for nutrient allocation.
9. Harvesting Aids:
These are vastly used to collect the fruits falling from a tree. Harvesting nets helps to keep the cost of cultivation low by removing additional labor associated with harvesting. These types of nets are predominantly grip structural which can be produced by using warp knitting technology.
10. Root Pruning Fabric:
These types of fabrics are used for nursery propagation. Root pruning fabric forces the plant to develop its major root system within the growing device. It has some important benefits of using which are limited damages to the plant, reduces labor costs and also increases the quality of production.